What is Emphysema

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Emphysema is a chronic type of lung disease where the sufferer has a lot of difficulty breathing from a reduction of air flow.

There is more than one way to get emphysema, however, the most common way is from smoking. Emphysema is a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and similarly though less severe, chronic bronchitis is also another form of COPD caused from smoking.

When someone has this disease, the alveoli damaged and start to acquire pockets and holes within them. On top of this they tend to clump together causing reduced surface area in the lungs, and thus less oxygen within the bloodstream — and a much harder time breathing.



As said prior, there are multiple ways of acquiring emphysema, however, the most commons and most reliable cause is from the effects of long term tobacco use. While this is the most common it can be caused from a plethora of other air pollution inhalations such as, marijuana, smog, coal, coal, and factory type pollutants. There is also the few cases in the lungs where a lack of the protein known to support the elastic tissue (alpha-1-antirypsin) is deficient through hereditary induced means.


Some victims of the disease may not notice any symptoms for years. But eventually, they will start to notice shortness of breath, especially when it comes to physical types of exercise. Typically they will notice they are gasping for air during activities where they otherwise were not; and eventually the same will happen when the person is even in a resting type state.


A range of physical examinations and electronic tests may be ordered by your doctor to diagnose emphysema.

Such physical methods will include acquiring knowledge on family history; such as smoking status of family and yourself and whether your family history is known for lung disease or lunge related issues.

Other diagnosis methods will include examining your smoking experience, your medical issues, and how often and too what extent you suffer from breathing or lung related issues — whether that be colds, shortness of breath, or current diseases or infections.

Methods using electronics will include things like x-rays, blood tests, CT scans, etc.


  • Chest infections, pneumonia, and frequently re-occuring colds
  • Collapsing of the lung; which can actually kill victims of emphysema once the lungs have been damaged enough
  • Significantly elevated blood pressure
  • Empty pockets within the lungs that can grow excessively large; also known as bullae

At the current time emphysema is not a curable disease, however, there are treatments and lifestyle changes that can help to slow down its rate of destruction and hinder some symptoms.



Rhinoplasty and its Dangers

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Due to modern day culture the use of plastic surgery to enhance ones appearance is ever growing in popularity. While very expensive, it has not stopped the increase in popularity from celebrities, actors, and even the everyday mom from participating in this surgical procedure.

However, something to note are the moderate to potentially severe dangers involved when one undergoes a rhinoplastic procedure.

Rhinoplasty is arguable the most demanding of all the facial plastic surgeries out there. While a nose job may not require the most amount of brute force, anatomical invasion or take the longest time for completion — it is however, an art form that needs a strong scientific background to perform correctly.

Each person receiving an operation will have their own specific criteria that make no two surgeries the same.

What is Rhinoplasty Exactly?

Rhinoplasty is a facial reconstructive surgery that focuses on the nose. Both to reshape, correct deformation, angular modification (such as the angle of the nose in relation to the lip), tip modification, even out bumps, indents, or other aesthetic issues a patient may have.

The surgeon begins by making an incision typically inside of the nose to thwart any external scarring from showing up post operation. Once the incision is made the surgeon now has access to the desired bones and cartilage that support the nose. And depending on the patients specific request or needs, this bone and cartilage will either be subtracted from or added to.

For increasing mass within the nose the surgeon will either use materials from another part of the patients body or use a special type of synthetic filler. After the shaping and filling procedure is completed the skin is set over the nose once again and a mini cast is put in place to support the newly set structure and for optimal healing.

Dangers and Complications:

Dangers associated post operation from a procedure can include:

  • Bleeding
  • Infections
  • Chronic nosebleeds
  • Numbness in the nose
  • Numbness in the face
  • Scarring
  • Visible bursting of blood vessels
  • Nerve damage; both temporary or permanent
  • Breathing issues

One risk worth mentioning is known as the “polly beak deformity”, where the end of the nose resembles that of a parrot’s beak. This is from a deep frontal angle and cartilage based hump, coupled with a reduction in tip structure.

Another noteworthy post operative deformity seen is a wide nasal tip. Which has also been correlated to a loss of septal support.

Is Rhinoplasty For Me?

Apart from the large price tag ranging from anywhere between $4,000 – $12,000 per surgery, there are an obvious amount of additional factors to weigh in here.

One of the most noticable features on the human face is the nose. So even minor modifications can make a world of difference to both the appearance and the perceived appearance of the patient recieving the procedure.

Like almost every facial plastic surgery out there the experience and precision of the surgeon performing the procedure is crucial for success. If you are looking to find a rhinoplasty surgeon in the michigan area you can check out michigan rhinoplasty here. Alternatively there are a fair few excellent rhinoplasty surgeons in detroit area. But regardless of where you get your facial cosmetic procedure done, just be sure to choose your surgeon carefully. Finding a suitable doctor with a good reputation and a fair amount of surgeries under his belt is crucial.

Also something to note is that you should sit for a while to really determine what you are expecting out of your procedure. After weighing the risks, costs, and rewards involved be sure to tell yourself and your surgeon exactly what you are expecting out of this.

It is absolutely imperative to have a healthy and reasonable outlook.


How Teen Texting and Flirting Can Be Dangerous

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For majority of teens living in technological parts of the world; text messaging has become a daily part of their lives. However, texting has become so popular and proves to be so distracting that proper texting procedures, along with maturity must be met to ensure optimal safety for you and your teen.

Texting and Driving

Be sure to set rules with your children that texting while driving will not be accepted. Rather then threaten initially, inform them of the risks of texting while driving and how dangerous it can be. Studies have shown that texting while driving proves to be at least 20 times more dangerous than driving without distraction.

Teens are at an even higher risk of danger due to the fact that they typically text more and care a lot more about it. In the teenage years popularity is everything, and teens will often not want to “keep their friends hanging” until they reach their destination. On top of this teen are more likely to get into an accident while being distracted simply from their lack of driving experience.

Be sure to stress the consequences and risks involved in text messaging while driving to your teen and ensure they understand before setting foot into a vehicle.

Text Flirting and Sexting

Sexting is the act of texting with a sexual nature behind it. Typically it includes sexual dialogue but can also contain sexual pictures and/or the planning of mischievous acts.

Boys are typically more known to initiate texts of a sexual nature due to the social pressure surrounding the male gender for sexual activity as soon as possible. This is made even more apparent by the plethora of dating products geared towards the male populace.

Learning how to text a girl you like along with various texting guides are marketed towards teens from the dating industry at an early age. These can include topics such as learning how to flirt with a girl over text, all the way to texting a girl into sex. And these are becoming increasingly popular for individuals interested in dating within our culture.

Now besides the actual physical acts that sexting can lead to — there are other harmful consequences that can occur.

A sexual picture sent through text message can be devastating to the owner if the receiver proves untrustworthy — which is common among youth. That same picture can wreak havoc on ones life if it ends up being circulated through cyber space. Texts of this nature have led to cases of blackmail, extreme depression, and even a common cause of teenage suicide in our day and age.

Texting Can Hinder Sleep

Texting shortly before turning out the lights can also have a bad effect on your teens life if proper sleep is effected. Teens require more sleep than most adults it is absolutely imperative for their health and education that they get a good amount of shut eye on a daily basis. Since teens are typically more effected by their emotions — and the fact that drama is at an all time high in the teenage years — they are much more likely to be effected by bad texts.